I’ve been functioning professionally in the film and Television small business for 37 years. Throughout that time, I’ve had the chance to function on industrial films, educational films, documentaries, commercials, music videos, episodic Tv shows, Television movies, Indie films and Hollywood attributes. I’ve worked with dozens of excellent, mediocre and poor directors -as properly as hundred’s of fantastic, mediocre and terrible actors. I’ve read 100’s of film scripts prior to they had been made: some which had been so terrible I could not get past the 1st 10 pages, to scripts which went on to win Academy Awards. I’ve also had the chance to invest months at a time teaching and mentoring film students as they create, prep and shoot their personal short films.
I believe my years in the “film production trenches” has provided me a special insight into acquiring the answer to the question: “Is there a formula, or guide, that film directors (anywhere in the world) can stick to, that will assistance them make prosperous and compelling films?” Effectively, I believe the answer is Yes! And by the way, my definition of a good film (a documentary or drama) is “the art of visually telling a compelling story with believable characters.” In my opinion, most inexperienced (or experienced, but lazy) film directors devote the majority of their time figuring out how to shoot the film initial (cool shots and creative camera angles) just before understanding what the story is about and realizing what the characters seriously want. I’m going to be bold right here and state publicly that this is the incorrect way to direct a very good film! Why? Simply because I strongly believe that to effectively direct a “visually compelling story with believable characters”, you need to have to stick to this 7-step formula:
STEP 1: THE STUDY OF HUMAN BEHAVIOR
What do I mean by the study of human behavior? “Human nature is the notion that there is a set of inherent distinguishing characteristics, which includes approaches of thinking, feeling and acting, that humans tend to have.” (Quote from Ask.com) In other words, the study of human behavior is about: a. What makes us tick? b. Why do we do factors? As soon as you know the answers to these inquiries, you will have a superior thought of how the characters in your script should interact with every single other, as nicely as obtaining the proper “psychological tools” to direct actors on the set. The excellent issue about human behavior is that it is observable, and as storytellers, we will have to initially observe the way folks react to distinct conditions and circumstances in order to understand How and Why their behavior changes. As a film director, you have to be a “witness” to human behavior. You want to get into the habit of observing men and women going about their daily lives, so you can find out what motivates them to take action. When you know what motivates a person to reach their each day desires, you will have the knowledge to improved understand the story you are telling, and you will feel much more confident helping your actors accomplish believable performances.
STEP two: STORY
There are numerous facets of a Director’s prep on any film or Television show, but the initial, and most essential element of your job, is to understand just about every detail about the story: where it takes place who the characters are and what takes place to them. When you initially study a script, right here are just some of the several questions you will want to answer to support determine and resolve prospective script issues:
a. What is the story about?
b. Does the story make sense?
c. What difficulty is to be resolved?
d. What occasion hooks the audience?
e. What is the plot? (the action)
f. What is the subplot? (the theme)
Understanding the story calls for a lot of operate on your component mainly because you then need to have to take dig deeper into the story and it’s structure by analyzing every single person scene in the script to discover out what it is about, what functions and what does not by asking inquiries like:
a. What is the intention of the scene?
b. What are the story points?
c. Exactly where are the scene beats?
d. Exactly where is the climax?
e. What is the resolution?
f. What are the essential lines of dialogue?
Your script breakdown will be a never ever-ending procedure. Every single time you study the script, you will uncover a thing else you did not know about the story or the characters. And the script will also frequently evolve. It will transform mainly because of your inventive notes, writer alterations, actor adjustments, producer alterations, studio adjustments and location availability. But as lengthy as you know what the story is about, and exactly where the story is going, you will be able to adjust to all the adjustments.
movies : Efficiency
I think that almost all the things you need to have to know about directing actors is explained in these 3 words: MOTIVE DETERMINES BEHAVIOR. When we break these words down, we see that: MOTIVE (our inner world) DETERMINES (controls) BEHAVIOR (our outer planet) And if we break them down even further, we see that: What our wants are (MOTIVE) Will make a decision (DETERMINES) What actions we will take (BEHAVIOR) One of the principal responsibilities of a Director is to aid actors attain a realistic overall performance, and a superior director does this by “listening for the truth” and by always asking:
a. Do I believe them?
b. Do the words make sense?
c. Are the characters believable?
And the essential to acquiring a realistic functionality from an actor, is by initially understanding a character’s objectives. a. There really should be 1 most important objective per character per scene: What do they want in the scene? b. Objectives need to be clear, concise and stated in one particular straightforward sentence: “To learn exactly where the gun is hidden.” How to select objectives:
a. Ask oneself “What does the character want in this predicament?”
b. A character’s objective should really create obstacles for the character.
c. Look at what the character does (his behavior) rather than what he says.
d. Look at what occurs in the scene, and how it ends.
e. Look at what people today want out of life: what are the things we will sacrifice all the things for?
On the set, actors want to function with directors who understand their vulnerability, so it really is extremely critical to generate a very good partnership with every single actor on your film. And what do actors want additional than anything from this partnership with the director? TRUST! If actors really feel they can not trust the director to know a excellent functionality from a undesirable performance, they will commence to monitor their personal performances and start to direct themselves: they will come to be “Director Proof!” Bear in mind, to find the character they are playing, actors will have to surrender totally to feelings and impulses, and a fantastic director understands an actor’s vulnerability and creates a safe spot for them to execute.
STEP 4: THE PRINCIPLES OF MONTAGE
One of the key elements of getting a excellent director, is to comprehend the “principles of montage” – the juxtaposition of photos to tell a story. In 1918, a Russian filmmaker referred to as Lev Kuleshov conducted an experiment where he shot and edited a brief film in which the face of a popular Russian matinee idol was intercut with three other shots: a plate of soup a girl playing ball an old lady in a coffin. And Kuleshov created confident that the shot of the actor was identical (and expressionless) each time he cut back to him. The film was then shown to audiences who entirely believed that the expression on the actor’s face was diverse each time he appeared – based on irrespective of whether he was “looking at” the plate of soup, the little girl, or the old woman’s coffin showing an expression of hunger, happiness or grief respectively. So what does this experiment inform us? By carefully utilizing the juxtaposition of pictures, filmmakers have been able to generate specific emotions from the audience by manipulating an actor’s performance. As a film director, understanding the principles of montage will help you to: build a far more visual script to decide your camera placement to block your scenes and to get layered performances from actors.